One of the significant achievements of the scholarship on early North American history in the past twenty years or so has been to break once and for all the grip of the English on our understanding of the colonial history of the continent. In terms of the research that has allowed the Dutch to take a more prominent role in the story of colonial American history, the leading influence has been the New Netherland Project, a translation effort based in the New York State Library in Albany. Now more than half way toward completion of modern, accurate, and scholarly translations of the Dutch colonial records for the colony of New Netherland, the project has burst forth on the World Wide Web with a “virtual tour of New Netherland. Visitors to the virtual tour of New Netherland on the New Netherland Project’s web site should not expect virtual reality, however. Though two-dimensional and not path-breaking in terms of its utilization of digital technology, the virtual tour of New Netherland is nonetheless a significant addition to the information available to teachers, students, and members of the public who may wish to know more about this colony that stretched from the Connecticut River to the Delaware Valley while centered in the Hudson Valley between Manhattan and Albany. Howard L.

New Netherland

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For decades, the proud seal of New York City, with its depiction of a sailor and a Manhattan Indian, of beavers and flour barrels and the sails of a windmill, has celebrated as the year the city was founded. The first settlers arrived in what would become part of New York City on a Dutch ship as early as ; some say The first charter was granted in And the most notable event of ? Dutch settlers moved their cattle to Lower Manhattan from Governors Island.

Since time immemorial, figuring out when to celebrate historic events has been tricky. The nation celebrates the Fourth of July as its birthday, even though Congress voted for independence on July 2. On the Fourth, the founders approved the wording of the Declaration of Independence, which they signed a month later. The story of how the city arrived at as its founding year, however, seems a uniquely New York narrative. The official city seal dates from about , but the current one was more or less created in , when Gov.

Money Substitutes in New Netherland and Early New York: Wampum

Named director of the New Netherland colony in , he is said to have negotiated a deal for the island of Manhattan with a Native American tribe and helped develop a profitable fur trade in the region. Minuit later founded a Swedish colony in the Delaware Bay before his death in a Caribbean hurricane in Peter Minuit was born circa in the port city of Wesel, then part of the Duchy of Cleves.

Little is known of his early years. The son of a Wallonian immigrant named Johan, who likely left his homeland to avoid religious persecution, Minuit grew up in a period marked by continual strife between the Dutch and Spanish over control of the area.

pre sites in the Dutch colony of New Netherland. New Netherland, for archaeological sites espe- site in. Livingston County, New York, dating about.

Brass smoothbore muzzleloading gun, Cornelius Ouderogge, Rotterdam, Netherlands. As we celebrate the centennial of the New York City flag of , we note that beavers have been a constant on the New York City seal as far back as But first things first, who or what is the Society of Daughters of Holland Dames? Map of the Dutch Grants Date: ca. The Dutch Colonial Society welcomes those of Dutch descent to inquire about membership in the Society in order to build a group of distinguished persons devoted to preserving the history and culture of our Dutch ancestors and their settlement in the New World.

Compiled from Dutch manuscript records of the period. The first guidebooks to New York City were written by the navigators, explorers, crewmen, trail-makers, and settlers who sailed west from Europe across the Atlantic Ocean in the 16th and 17th centuries. Gehring and William A.

New Netherland Project

Among those records is an account book of the West India Company, which includes payments for passage to New Netherland from to This is a great source of information about New Netherland ancestors. The record allows you to see who else arrived on the same ship, which could indicate a prior relationship.

Visitors to the virtual tour of New Netherland on the New Netherland Project’s web site should not expect virtual reality, however. the author, web location, date of publication, originating list, and H-Net: Humanities & Social Sciences Online.

Wilcox on the podcast Forget-Me-Not Hour , for two consecutive episodes. He shared the astonishing history of the records, his most recent work to put them online, explained what genealogists and historians can find in them, and more. The seminar will commemorate the th anniversary of the construction of Fort Nassau—the first documented European settlement in New York state—on present-day Castle Island in the port of Albany.

The seminar speakers and topics are listed below. For registration and additional details, visit the website of the New Netherland Institute. In , the Dutch West India Company was anxious to know why the fur trade from New Netherland had been declining, so the company sent three employees far into Iroquois country to investigate. His journal includes the earliest known description of the interior of what is today New York State and its seventeenth-century native inhabitants and it is now issued in a revised edition as A Journey into Mohawk and Oneida Country, The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz van den Bogaert Syracuse Univ.

Press, ; Translated and Edited by Charles T. Gehring and William A. The program will be held on Saturday November 5,

Petition and Remonstrance of New Netherland

The New Netherland Institute is making available digitized versions of translations and transcriptions of documents relating to New Netherland. Written in an archaic hand, these seventeenth-century documents were damaged by fire and water, but they are our best source of knowledge about the former Dutch colony. Available on this website are government records held by the New York State Archives, private and corporate papers from the collections of the New York State Library, and selected documents from other repositories.

Please direct any questions about the publications here.

over time submerged the roles of Dutch women. However, it did not obliterate them. Family was the basic unit in Dutch society and Dutch law in New Netherland.

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This section surveys the history of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from its founding in to the present. For a discussion of the period prior to that date, see Low Countries, history of the. Belgium declared its independence from the Netherlands, and it was recognized in as a separate nation. For several years the Greeks had been fighting for their independence from the Ottoman Empire, and in the European powers recognized Greece as an independent sovereign state.

In the Netherlands and Britain had signed a treaty that recognized Dutch…. Foreign attitudes were ambivalent because this small state was not only the newest but also the richest per capita and quite different from any other.

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This work evaluates the evolution of the cross-cultural encounters that took place between the Eastern Woodland Indians and the Europeans living in and around the Dutch colony of New Netherland during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It challenges a common view that the Dutch generally lacked curiosity about Indians, made no serious attempt to convert them, maintained a social distance from them, and were only interested in establishing commercial relationships with them.

Using the extensive pamphlet and sermon literature and the records of the West India Company, Classis of Amsterdam, and patroonships available in the Netherlands as well as the records of the government of New Netherland available in the New York State Archives, the dissertation shows that Reformed leaders in the Dutch Republic viewed Indians as Gentiles worthy of evangelistic outreach.

This characterization influenced the expectations of the Reformed clergy who were sent to convert the Indians living in and around New Netherland, and prefigured, to a certain extent, the relationships that developed between Indians and New Netherlanders. These sources also reveal that the Dutch were certainly curious about Indians. The main body of the dissertation is divided into six chapters. What emerges from the original sources are a series of complex, interdependent, and familiar relationships that developed between Indians and New Netherlanders during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

Advanced Search. Privacy Copyright. Skip to main content. Abstract This work evaluates the evolution of the cross-cultural encounters that took place between the Eastern Woodland Indians and the Europeans living in and around the Dutch colony of New Netherland during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Digital Commons.

New York’s Birth Date: Don’t Go by City’s Seal

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It was there that he wrote his Description of New Netherland, the fullest account to date of the province and its geography, Native American.

Founded in to translate and publish the original 17th-century Dutch documents of New Netherland, the New Netherland Project provided the foundation for the New Netherland Research Center through its unprecedented and historic research accomplishments and its access to historically significant resources. The Project was one of the most ambitious translation projects ever conceived.

Peter A. They include:. Translations and transcriptions of documents completed to date. New Netherland Institute For a quarter of a century, the New Netherland Institute , a non-profit organization dedicated to fund raising for and performing activities that support and relate to the New Netherland Project and the New Netherland Research Center.

For years, the New Netherland Institute has fielded requests from teachers, students, and other interested readers for a concise history of the former Dutch colony in North America. In response to popular interest, the NNI’s trustees commissioned Firth Fabend to write the immensely enjoyable and readable New Netherland in a Nutshell. Skip To Content. New Netherland Research Center.

New Netherland Project Founded in to translate and publish the original 17th-century Dutch documents of New Netherland, the New Netherland Project provided the foundation for the New Netherland Research Center through its unprecedented and historic research accomplishments and its access to historically significant resources. Now, with 6, pages translated to date December , the New Netherland Research Center continues to provide groundbreaking insight into the colony of New Netherland and the Dutch in colonial America and gained international acclaim as the inspiration and foundation of Russell Shorto’s bestseller, The Island at the Center of the World.

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